Renee, Nama, 


Here is just a rough list of references to get us started. Feel free to delete as required. My reference software doesn't seem to like including all the author names, but you get the point. Here is a link to an archive that has each as a .pdf


Akehurst. User generated content: the use of blogs for tourism organisations and tourism consumers. Service Business (2009) vol. 3 pp. 51-61


Amin. Local community on trial. Economy and society (2005) vol. 34 (4) pp. 612-633


Arnstein. A ladder of citizen participation. Journal of the American Institute of Planners (1969) vol. 35 pp. 216-224


Ballas et al. Building a spatial microsimulation-based planning support system for local policy making. Environment and Planning A (2007) vol. 39 (10) pp. 2482-2499


Becu et al. Participatory computer simulation to support collective decision-making: Potential and limits of stakeholder involvement. Land Use Policy (2008) vol. 25 pp. 498-509


Carver et al. Developing and Testing an Online Tool for Teaching GIS Concepts Applied to Spatial Decision-making. Journal of Geography in Higher Education (2004) vol. 28 (3) pp. 425-438


Carver. The future of participatory approaches using geographic information: developing a research agenda for the 21st century. URISA Journal (2003) vol. 15 (1) pp. 61-71


Carver et al. Public participation, GIS, and cyberdemocracy: evaluating on-line spatial decision support systems. Environment and Planning B: Planning and Design (2001) vol. 28 (6) pp. 907-921


Carver et al. Accessing Geographical Information Systems over the World Wide Web: Improving public participation in environmental decision-making. Information Infrastructure and Policy (2000) vol. 6 pp. 157-170


Chadwick. Web 2.0: New Challenges for the Study of E-Democracy in Era of Informational Exuberance. ISJLP (2008)


Cinnamon and Schuurman. Injury surveillance in low-resource settings using Geospatial and Social Web technologies. International Journal of Health Geographics (2010) vol. 9 pp. 25


Connor. A new ladder of citizen participation. National Civic Review (1988) vol. 77 (3) pp. 249-257


Corbett and Keller. An Analytical Framework to Examine Empowerment Associated with Participatory Geographic Information …. Cartographica: The International Journal for Geographic … (2005) vol. 40 (4) pp. 91-102


Cormode and Krishnamurthy. Key differences between Web 1.0 and Web 2.0. First Monday (2008)


Craglia et al. Next-Generation Digital Earth. International Journal of Spatial Data Infrastructures Research (2008) vol. 3 pp. 146-167


Crampton. Cartography: maps 2.0. Progress in Human Geography (2009) vol. 33 (1) pp. 91-100


Crampton. Can Peasants Map? Map Mashups, The Geo-Spatial Web and the Future of Information. Locative Media Conference (2007) pp. 1-37


Dunn. Participatory GIS a people's GIS?. Progress in Human Geography (2007) vol. 31 pp. 616-637


Ellul et al. A Mechanism to Create Community Maps for Non-Technical Users.  (2009) pp. 1-6


Ellul et al. Beyond the Internet Increasing Participation in Community Events by Text Messaging.  (2009) pp. 1-10


Elwood. Geographic information science: emerging research on the societal implications of the geospatial web. Progress in Human Geography (2009) pp. 1-9


Elwood. Geographic Information Science: new geovisualization technologies--emerging questions and linkages with GIScience research. Progress in Human Geography (2009) vol. 53 pp. 256-263


Elwood. Volunteered geographic information: key questions, concepts and methods to guide emerging research and practice. GeoJournal (2008) vol. 72 (3) pp. 133-135


Elwood. Grassroots groups as stakeholders in spatial data infrastructures: challenges and opportunities for local data development and sharing. International Journal of Geographical Information Science (2008) vol. 22 (1) pp. 71-90


Elwood. Volunteered geographic information: future research directions motivated by critical, participatory, and feminist GIS. GeoJournal (2008) vol. 72 (3) pp. 173-183


Esri. The GeoWeb: Spatially Enabling the Next Generation Web.  (2006) pp. 1-10


Evans et al. Democratic input into the nuclear waste disposal problem: The influence of geographical data on decision making examined through a Web-based GIS. Journal of Geographical Systems (2004) vol. 6 (2) pp. 1-16


Flanagin and Metzger. The credibility of volunteered geographic information. GeoJournal (2008) vol. 72 (3) pp. 137-148


Ganapati. Using Geographic Information Systems to Increase Citizen Engagement. IBM Center for The Business of Government (2010) pp. 1-46


Goodchild and Glennon. Crowdsourcing geographic information for disaster response: a research frontier. International Journal of Digital Earth (2010) vol. 99999 (1) pp. 1-11


Goodchild. Commentary: whither VGI?. GeoJournal (2008) vol. 72 (3) pp. 239-244


Goodchild. Citizens as Voluntary Sensors: Spatial Data Infrastructure in the World of Web 2.0. International Journal of Spatial Data Infrastructures Research (2007) vol. 2 (24-32)


Gorman. Is academia missing the boat for the GeoWeb revolution? A response to Harvey's commentary. Environment and Planning B - Planning and Design (2007) vol. 34 pp. 949-952


Gouveia and Fonseca. New approaches to environmental monitoring: the use of ICT to explore volunteered geographic information. GeoJournal (2008) vol. 72 (3) pp. 185-197


Haklay et al. Web mapping 2.0: the Neogeography of the Geoweb. Geography Compass (2008) vol. 2 (6) pp. 2011-2039


Hasse and Milne. Participatory Approaches and Geographical Information Systems (PAGIS) in Tourism Planning. Tourism Geographies (2005) vol. 7 (3) pp. 272-289


Hudson-Smith et al. The Neogeography of Virtual Cities: Digital Mirrors into a Recursive World. Handbook of Research on Urban Informatics (2009) pp. 270-290


Hudson-Smith et al. NeoGeography and Web 2.0: concepts, tools and applications. Journal of Location Based Services (2009) vol. 3 (2) pp. 118-145


Hudson-Smith et al. Mapping for the Masses: Accessing Web 2.0 through Crowdsourcing. CASA Working Papers Series (2008) pp. 1-19


Hudson-Smith. The Renaissance of Geographical Information: Neogeography, Gaming and Second Life. CASA Working Papers Series (2008) pp. 1-16


Jankowski. Towards participatory geographic information systems for community-based environmental decision making. Journal of Environmental Management (2009) vol. 90 pp. 1966-1971


Kingston. Public Participation in Local Policy Decision-making: The Role of Web-based Mapping. The Cartographic Journal (2007) vol. 44 (2) pp. 138-144


Kingston et al. Web-based public participation geographical information systems: an aid to local environmental decision-making. Computers, Environment and Urban Systems (2000) vol. 24 (2) pp. 109-125


Komarkova et al. Usability of GeoWeb sites: case study of Czech regional authorities web sites. Business Information Systems: Lecture Notes in Computer Science (2007)


Komarkova et al. Heuristic Evaluation of Usability of GeoWeb Sites. LECTURE NOTES IN COMPUTER SCIENCE (2007)


Lee et al. Web 2.0 and opportunities for small businesses. Service Business (2008)


Lessig. Free Culture.  (2004) pp. 1-352


Maguire. GeoWeb 2.0: implications for ESDI. Proceedings of the 12th EC-GIGIS Workshop (2005)


Maiyo et al. Collaborative post-disaster damage mapping via GEO web services. Geographic Information and Cartography for Risk and Crisis Management: Lecture Notes in Geoinformation and Cartography (2010)


Manzo and Pitkins. Using Maps to Promote Health Equity.  (2009) pp. 1-34 The Illustrated Guide to Nonprofit GIS and Online Mapping.  (2010) pp. 1-46


O'Connor. User-generated content and travel: A case study on Tripadvisor. com. Information and Communication Technologies in Tourism 2008 (2008)


O'Reilly. What Is Web 2.0. O'Reilly (2005) pp. 1-17


Osimo. Web 2.0 in government: why and how. Institute for Prospectice Technological Studies (IPTS) (2008)


Rinner and Bird. Evaluating community engagement through argumentation maps—a public participation GIS case study. Environment and Planning B: Planning and Design (2009) vol. 36 (4) pp. 588-601


Rinner et al. The use of Web 2.0 concepts to support deliberation in spatial decision-making. Computers (2008)


Rinner. Web-based spatial decision support: Status and research directions. Journal of Geographic Information and Decision Analysis (2003) vol. 7 (1) pp. 14-31


Rinner. Argumentation maps: GIS-based discussion support for on-line planning. Environment and Planning B (2001) vol. 28 pp. 847-863


Rouse et al. Participating in the geospatial web: collaborative mapping, social networks and participatory GIS. The Geospatial Web (2007)


Schegg et al. An exploratory field study of Web 2.0 in Tourism. Information Technologies in Tourism (2008)


Sidlar and Rinner. Utility assessment of a map-based online geo-collaboration tool. Journal of Environmental Management (2009) vol. 90 pp. 2020-2026


Sieber. Geoweb for Social Change. Position Paper (2007)


Strohmaier. The Web 2.0 way of learning with technologies. International Journal of Learning Technology (2007) vol. 3 (1) pp. 87-107


Sui. The wikification of GIS and its consequences: Or Angelina Jolie’s new tattoo and the future of GIS. Computers, Environment and Urban Systems (2008) vol. 32 pp. 1-5


Tritter and McCallum. The snakes and ladders of user involvement: moving beyond Arnstein. Health Policy (2006) vol. 76 (2) pp. 156-168


Tulloch. Is VGI participation? From vernal pools to video games. GeoJournal (2008) vol. 72 (3) pp. 161-171


Wunsch-Vincent and Vickery. Participative Web: User-Created Content. OECD Committee for Information, Computer and Communications Policy (2007) pp. 1-74


Zhao and Coleman. GeoDF: Towards a SDI-based PPGIS application for E-Governance. Proceedings of the GSDI-9 Conference (2006) pp. 6-10


Virtual Seminars on Neogeography

If you'd like to learn more about neogeography, here are a series of virtual seminars, led by the big names in GIScience:

From Dave Unwin (minimally edited)


Virtual Seminars on Neogeography


Introduction: Aims and Objectives

For the past three years, in collaboration with both the US University Consortium for Geographic Information Science and UK’s Royal
Geographical Society Quantitative Methods Research Group
, the World Wide University Networks’ Global GISc Academy has been promoting the
idea of international ‘virtual’ seminars.

Plans are now complete for a series of six virtual seminar sessions during the fall/autumn of 2008 on the general theme of Neogeography.
This has come to consist of a set of techniques and tools that fall outside the realm of traditional GIS and geography. Essentially, it is about people using
and creating their own maps, on their own terms, by combining elements of an existing toolset. Neogeographers use mapping API like Google
Maps, talk about GPX versus KML, and ‘geotag’ their photos. The term arose with Web 2.0 and the increased public appeal of mapping and
geospatial technologies that occurred with the release of Google Maps, the decreased cost of GPS, and increased ubiquity of mobile devices.
However, in its original formulation it was wider than this, and included work in fields as diverse as art, programming, literature, and
leisure. Almost all of this has evolved outside of what we usually think of as geography, yet it presents a variety of technical, societal
and academic challenges to traditional academic views and practices. The series will attempt to explore these challenges.

Who can participate

The seminar series is open to faculty and students in universities that are part of the WUN, together with members of the Quantitative Methods
Research and GIScience Research Groups of the Royal Geographical Society
(with IBG), Universities in the UCGIS, and other interested
parties.  Although it carries no activities for which a formal assessment is appropriate, our hope is that graduate student classes,
in particular, will build on it by creating some formal, assessed activity that enables the series to be ‘hard wired’ into their research
training programmes. Possible activities might be completion of an individual essay based on some or all of the presented materials,
building a website, having a debate and so on.

Seminar Environment

Building on its successful use in our previous series, the seminars will use the Marratech™ platform, which is an extended desk top video and audio-conferencing environment. This platform enables a moderately sized client to be downloaded and
used with Windows™, Linux and Mac-OS™ systems. Provided broadband access is available, participants can use this system with a simple
headset/webcam from home, or via a pre-arranged video suite at the home university, which is what we would recommend for entire classes of
graduate students. If you intend to set up such a suite, please note that institutional firewalls can generate problems in using the client,
but these are not insurmountable. Dave Unwin has prepared a fairly full guide that details all the wisdom about using this system that we have accumulated over the past two years, available on request from him or the WUN website.

List of dates & topics

All seminars will commence at 1700 UK time (NOTE: this is a change from previous years), initially BST then GMT. Please check carefully that
you have the correct local time.

Date, Presenter, Title

October 8th Jeremy Crampton (Georgia State) Mapping without a net: neogeography in the 21st century

October 22nd Muki Haklay (UCL) 'What so new in neogeography?'

November 5th M.W. Dobson (TeleMapics LLCV) ‘Data quality and neogeography’

November 12th Martin Dodge (Manchester) ‘Do we need user-generated cartography?’

November 19th GIS DAY

November 26th American Thanksgiving

December 3rd Mike Goodchild (UCSB) ‘Citizens as sensors: volunteered geographic information’

December 17th Dan Sui (Texas A&M) TBC – issues from the series

To view the seminars in real-time and participate

On the day of the seminar, from 4.45pm (UK local time) or earlier, there are two ways by which the Marratech™ is client software can be accessed:

  • The simplest is to point your web browser to the a href="">URL. Clicking on this
    link will install some Java based software on your system. The install sequence is obvious and should give you no problems. We recommend you
    do this and familiarize yourself with the interface well in advance of the seminar; 
  • Alternately, you can download a free desktop client (Marratech Pro™) from the supplier’s website.  From in this  system point  to  the  slightly  different  URL.

Instructions on how to access them are also available at the website.

We strongly recommend that you ‘enter’ the virtual seminar room in good time for the advertised start and hope that you have at least ‘played’ with the client’s interface to understand how the interactions it offers can be used.

The archive

The 2005, 2006 and 2007 seminars have been archived on the WUN GGISA website. The precise form of any one session archive depends upon what we were able to acquire, ranging from PowerPoint™ or PDF files of the materials used through to complete recordings of the session that can be viewed off-line using the Marratech ™ client and a set of associated resources such as an edited version of the discussions, bibliography and so on. We hope that you might find them a useful source of materials for your students to browse.


The Socio-Economic Dimension of Neogeography ( A Framework to Evaluate VGI Initiatives)

Success of open-source software development as; Linux, consumer-driven business development E-Bay, and most recently user-developed production of knowledge base Wikipedia have inspired the specialist and the users of geospatial data and mapping.

Continuation of this success is leading the science of mapping towards new geospatial data creation and diffusion processes, like wikicarto, wikiGIS, geoblog and more generally Volunteered Geographic Information (VGI). VGI is considered the newest form of Public Participation Geographic Information System (PPGIS).

Relying only on GIS experts neglects the fact that involving interested users is an important step towards open and democratic approach for PGIS. Local
people have usually better knowledge about the area of interest, which is crucial for accurate decisions.

These new ways of providing geospatial information through the Web techniques are part of Geospatial components of the Web2.0 and an example of Neogeography. Neogeography is related to people using and creating their own maps, on their own terms, by combining elements of existing toolset.

Neogeography and the GeoWeb are going to be important contributory subject matter of future network society and becoming a major issue for GIScience. Society will be benefited both socially and economically. Nothing is really known about the potential benefits. It is essential to invent a methodology for the assessment of the benefits. Currently I am doing a PhD research which will try to give a dimension of socio-economic benefits. The main research will be carried out on the field of VGI and PPGIS, an emphasis on the socio-economic evaluation of those two fields in combination with Neogeography.

I am expecting your valuable opinion and suggestions for the successful completion of my PhD research.

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