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An Example of Ontology Design Patterns (Sinha 2014)

10 November 2015 - 12:31am
In studying Ontology, I constantly find myself searching for an overarching definition that satisfies all perspectives, philosophical and scientific, to mitigate my confusion surrounding the subject. I recently read a long article exhaustively exploring all aspects of ontology, but I found that clarity for this subject lies in application. The main focus of this paper […]

Smith and Mark – Folk Ontologies

10 November 2015 - 12:22am
In this article Smith and Mark describe an experiment that investigates the possible existence of a “folk” geospatial ontology. The concept of different scientific fields all having a corresponding folk ontology is is fascinating. The notion that scientific ontologies actually have roots in their folk ontologies suggests that a scientific field comes about from a […]

Functions and Applications of Spatial Cognition

10 November 2015 - 12:07am
Spatial Cognition can be a misleading term. One of the authors first assessments is that one could argue all cognition involves space or exists in space, but it is important to distinguish between cognition that occurs within space and cognition that occurs about spatial relations, the latter being the concern of this paper. Spatial cognition […]

Geographical categories: an ontological investigation

9 November 2015 - 10:47pm
Ontologies are an area of study that is difficult to understand and apply to the world around us. My topic of spatial cognition closely ties into ontologies because it tries to categorize and understand representations of objects in the real world. For instance, spatial cognition address the same questions in Geographic Categories: An Ontological Investigation […]

Thoughts on Spatial Cognition and VGI

9 November 2015 - 7:00pm
In his article “Cognitive Research in GIScience: Recent Achievements and Future Prospects”, Daniel Montello discusses some of the cognitive effects of the emergence of navigation systems as a “coordinated and goal-directed” form of travel (1828). In particular, Montello discusses how the designers of navigations systems seek to improve usability by providing “travelers with just the […]

Breaking down Cognitive GIScience

9 November 2015 - 12:43pm
In “Cognitive Research in GIScience: Recent Achievements and Future Prospects” by Daniel Montello, the key aspets of cognitive GIScience are introduced. I feel like dividing the areas of cognitive GIScience into the six sections of “(i) human factors of GIS, (ii) geovisualization, (iii) navigation systems, (iv) cognitive geo-ontologies, (v) geographic and environmental spatial thinking and […]

An Ontology Design Pattern – Sinha et al. (2014)

9 November 2015 - 11:42am
Returning back to my previous post’s concluding question, Sinha et al. (2014) make a statement that can provide some insight: “For a comprehensive understanding [“of different conceptualization systems”], substantial research on geographic cognition, nature of geographic categories, and naïve geography will be needed to discover general principles” (188). This statement relates to our discussions on […]

What IS a geographical thing? Smith & Mark 2001

9 November 2015 - 12:15am
The article by Smith and Mark gives an overview of ontologies, and then explores how geography is defined by non-geographers. For me, this article (and the other by Sinha et al) brought up questions of the expert/non-expert dynamic. Particularly, one sentence was especially interesting to me: “Geographers, it seems, are not studying geographical things as […]

Important frontiers of Spatial Cognitive Research – Montello 2009

8 November 2015 - 10:18pm
Montello’s overview of research in spatial cognition highlights interesting paradoxes. Research on the subject has been quite extensive, yet the benefits of this research have so far been extremely limited. Yet the author advocates enhanced research on specific aspects of spatial cognition. In particular, research would be more useful if there was a greater emphasis […]

Cognitive Research in GIS – Montello

8 November 2015 - 4:38pm
The article by Montello introduces six areas of recent cognitive GIS research and raises many questions about cognitive research in GIScience. I found it interesting that Montello included questions about the discipline of GIS itself. For example, the author questions whether GIS is coherent as a discipline and can be referred to as a single [...]

Cognitive Research in GIScience: Recent Achievements and Future Prospects: Montello, 2009

8 November 2015 - 12:13pm
Montello provides a comprehensive review of cognitive GIScience work since the term ‘geographic information science’ was coined in 1992.He explains that it “concerns human knowledge and knowing involving geographic information and geographic information systems (GIS)” (1824). This article may have only mentioned ‘epistemologies’ once, however it ties in very well with the discussion we had [...]

An Ontology Design Pattern for Surface Water Features: Sinha et al. 2014

8 November 2015 - 9:02am
Ontology is the study of what a conceptual model should encapsulate to represent reality. But what about the when? This week, I began reading the more theoretical article on geographic ontologies (Smith & Mark, 2001), but quickly found that the discussion was much too difficult to wrap my head around. I read Sinha and colleagues’ [...]

Montello (2009)

7 November 2015 - 5:32pm
Daniel Montello’s article (2009) provides a brief summary on cognitive research and its development within GIScience. Similar to what we discussed in our Indigenous Mapping seminar about GPS’s implications on way-finding, Montello argues that technology alters “how we think” by “reducing our ability to reason effectively without technology” (1835). Reflecting on my days in GEOG [...]

Spatial Cognition in everyday life (Montello and Raubal)

6 November 2015 - 2:57pm
As technology changes, so do our applications of spatial cognition. When reading this article, I first thought it was dated, as technology has replaced the need to imagine many spaces. Perhaps as a geography student I am biased, but for almost every small task I looked at travel times, Google maps transit extension for route [...]