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Thoughts on Goodchild (2010)

18 September 2017 - 11:20am
Goodchild concludes his paper “Twenty Years of Progress” by realizing a need for greater interaction between the fields of geography, computer science, and information science in the future of GIScience. Seven years ago, when this paper was written, neogeography was an emerging concept. RFID and GPS location collection operations were still relatively small scale. Goodchild notes […]

On Kuhn’s (2012) Core concepts of spatial information for transdisciplinary research

18 September 2017 - 12:56am
Similarly to Mark’s (2003) paper, Kuhn advocates for a conceptual consensus on spatial information – what it is and how it can be used – by proposing a set of ten core concepts of the field intended for specialists and non-specialists alike. Kuhn also argues along the same line as Mark in that GIScience transcends […]

GIS: Tool or Science?

18 September 2017 - 12:24am
The debate surrounding the use of GIS as either a tool or a science did not occur to me while I was taking introductory courses in the field. I simply understood it as being a subset of geography, distinct in its own right as it compelled the visualization of geographic data for the maps. While […]

Defining Geographic Information Science (Mark, 2003)

17 September 2017 - 11:59pm
Mark(2003) give a comprehensive review of Geographic Information Science (GIScience) in term of its history and components. He presents a number of GIScience definitions but doesn’t synthesize them for setting a clear boundary between GIScience and other disciplines. However, it remains to be answered nowadays since its multidisciplinary nature. GIScience, as an independent scientific discipline, […]

On Mark’s (2003) Geographic Information Science: Defining the Field

17 September 2017 - 11:04pm
Being one of the early proponents of GIScience, Mark sets out in this paper to lay out the intellectual scope of the field – what is it? What are its components? Can it be considered a legitimate multidisciplinary field? What is clear from this paper is that there is no consensus yet (or then) on […]

Goodchild Discusses GIS

17 September 2017 - 10:42pm
Goodchild’s article presents a brief history of GIScience, and discuses from his perspective, and from the perspectives of others, the role of GIS as well as its label as a science. It is important to note that the article leans more towards an opinion piece or a discussion rather than an objective paper to explore […]

Why the “Tool or Science” Debate Doesn’t Matter

17 September 2017 - 10:37pm
The article by Wright et al. discusses how GIS should be recognized and in doing so considers multiple perspectives: what is science, what is GIS, philosophical schools of knowledge and science, the field of geography as a whole, the labels that GIS could be given, as well as why the label matters. Effectively, I think […]

Twenty Years of Progress, Goodchild (2010)

17 September 2017 - 9:53pm
Goodchild (2010) provided an interesting summary of the innovations in GIScience since its first conception. I appreciate the discussion of what innovation looks like in a field that is so intensely interdisciplinary. I feel that Sara Fabrikant’s interpretation of “discoveries” in GIScience as “enabling the discovery of the world” also appropriately captures the interdisciplinary nature […]

Core Concepts of Spatial Information (Kuhn, 2012)

17 September 2017 - 9:37pm
In the paper “core concepts of spatial information for transdisciplinary research”, Kuhn(2012) demonstrates the importance of spatial information across disciplines and proposes ten core concepts for non-specialists to understand it. When reading it, we should question about whether Geographic Information Sciences (GIS) have to be transdisciplinary, and whether these ten core concepts are helpful for […]

GIS: Tool or Science, Wright et al. (1997)

17 September 2017 - 8:07pm
Initially I had some trouble appreciating the importance of the debate summarized by Wright et al. (1997). The discussants bring up some interesting points about the nature of science, but I’m curious about how productive the conversation can be beyond the need for some scientists to act as gatekeepers. Particularly in the sense that the […]

Goodchild – 20 Years of GIS progress

17 September 2017 - 7:51pm
Michael Goodchild in 2010 published an article attempting to grasp the progress that GIS science had made over the course of its 20-existence. He uses this paper as a way to encapsulate the state that it is seen is from Academia, touching on the debate as to whether GIS is a science, discussed its major […]

Goodchild (2010)’s reflection on 20 years of GIScience Progress

17 September 2017 - 7:35pm
I found Goodchild’s argument refreshing, as it encompassed all the issues that I felt were present (but relatively left unsaid) during my time learning how to use GIS software. His discussion of the achievements of GIScientists (like Tobler’s First Law (“nearby things are more similar than distant things”) and Anselin’s spatial heterogeneity) really helped me […]

Kuhn (2012) – Core concepts of spatial information

17 September 2017 - 6:18pm
Kuhn’s argument is structured around central questions we can ask about spatial information: where is it located, what is it near to, what else is there, what are its properties, what is it connected to, how has it changed over time, how precise/ correct/ valuable is it? Scale, uncertainty and visualisation are presented as overarching […]

Mark (2003) – Defining GISc

17 September 2017 - 4:19pm
In this paper, Mark characterises the emergence of Geographic Information Science (GISc) as a field of scientific inquiry, building upon previous definitions in a call for consensus among researchers. As an influential, early proponent of GISc, the author makes assertions about what constitutes GISc (spatial ontology, representations/ indices of geographic data, spatial cognition, human/ machine […]

What is GIS? Science, Tool, or the glue to fix the ‘Geographic Humpty Dumpty’?

17 September 2017 - 2:36pm
I found this article quite interesting, not only for its commentary for the role of GIS as a science or a tool,  though also for the methodology used in this paper. This is the first paper I’ve read before the burst of the internet bubble, in which the volume and intensity of blog post entries […]

Core concepts, Kuhn (2012) – Nice to have?

17 September 2017 - 10:06am
I found the overall article creates more complexity than simplifying the proposed concepts. If the target of the article is to communicate the opportunity of interdisciplinary integration, I find the language used to express Geospatial Information’s primitives (and cores) too complex if not supported by pragmatic and clear examples. In reading the article I question why the metadata concept is not part of the core discussion given the fundamental […]

Defining the field- Mark (2003) – stuck with a definition ?

16 September 2017 - 6:37pm
In reading the article I found that in the definition of UCGIS may lack a fundamental “application” element in its definition. Stating the objectives of the Geographical Information Science (GI Science) as “the transformation of geographic data into useful information…” I think denotes rather a weak goal that is not necessarily ethical. This weakness may […]

Twenty years of progress: GIScience in 2010 (Goodchild)

16 September 2017 - 5:08pm
I thought this paper was a natural complement to the previous article which discussed the question of GIScience/Tool, and the domain of geo-information science in its nascence. Goodchild discusses events which have raised the profile of the field, like the 20th anniversary of US National Center  for Geofraphic and Information and Analysis by the National […]

On Wright et al (1997)

16 September 2017 - 3:07pm
This article was a great kick-off to our course, as it highlighted just how far we’ve come — and the advances we can make — by discussing GIS as GIScience. Since 1997, the number of GIS users alone has grown exponentially due to the increasing use of location-based services thanks to smartphones and the widespread use […]

Core concepts, Kuhn (2012)

16 September 2017 - 10:31am
Much like Mark (2003) , Kuhn (2012) seeks to create a comprehensive list of core concepts in GIScience. Kuhn emphasizes the multi-disciplinarity of GIScience, and its importance in the growth GIScience. In general, I think that multi-disciplinarity is beneficial to any field, as different perspectives can provide fresh outlooks. Kuhn’s list of 10 core concepts […]